*Note:This is only a very short and only few of the parts of the surah Al Kahf
Story#1: Ashab E kahf(People of cave):
The first story that is mentioned in the Surah is the story of the men of cave. They were the people who were believers and lived in a country of non-believers. Thus, when they noticed that people will threat their lives because of the faith, they leave the city and go to a cave for the sake of Allah and their faith. Thus, there Allah Almighty bestowed sleep over them and when they woke up from their sleep, by that time all the people of their city had become believers. Thus, this story shows that when a person puts his or her belief in Allah Almighty, He always comes to their rescue and helps them in easing their difficulties.
Lesson – The lesson to learn from this story is that Allah Almighty puts the faith of a person to trial. When Allah Almighty puts the faith to trial and when a believer is steadfast in his or her faith, then Allah assists them in ways that are beyond comprehension. Moreover, the story also gives the lesson that a Muslim must always remain in the company of people who are good and righteous. The men of cave were all righteous, thus, their being together is one of the factors that attracted the mercy and assistance of Allah Almighty. Thus, a Muslim should be steadfast in his or her faith and remain in the company of good people, as is mentioned in Quran:
“And keep yourself patient [by being] with those who call upon their Lord in the morning and the evening, seeking His countenance. And let not your eyes pass beyond them, desiring adornments of the worldly life, and do not obey one whose heart We have made heedless of Our remembrance and who follows his desire and whose affair is ever [in] neglect.” (18:28)
Story#2:Owner of two gardens:
The second story in the Surah is a person who was the owner of two gardens and was wealthy and rich in every regard. However, his wealth lead him astray and he started doubting his faith, as a result of which Allah Almighty deprived him of all the worldly artifice and bounties, which made him realize the transients nature of the things of this world but by then it was too late for him.
Lesson – From this story also a Muslim can learn two lessons. The first lesson is that all the wealth is also a test from Allah Almighty. Therefore, to those whom He grants, He is actually testing them whether they will be grateful to Him or not. Secondly, a Muslim must also learn the lesson that the things of this world are all temporary and transient, therefore, when they are available one must thank Allah and spend on the ones who don’t have these worldly pleasures available to them. In Quran, Allah Almighty perfectly explains the condition of the worldly things:
“And present to them the example of the life of this world, [its being] like rain which We send down from the sky, and the vegetation of the earth mingles with it and [then] it becomes dry remnants, scattered by the winds. And Allah is ever, over all things, Perfect in Ability.” (18:45)
Story#3:Musa(AS) and Khizr(AS):
The third story mentioned in Surah Kahaf is of Hazrat Musa (AS) and Hazrat Khizar (AS). When Hazrat Musa (AS) thought that no one in this world had more knowledge of things than him, then Allah Almighty sent him to meet Hazrat Khizr, who throughout the story proved that he knew more than Musa (AS).
Lesson – The lesson to be learnt from this story is that knowledge is not something, which one should be proud of, rather, having knowledge of things should teach humility to a person and one should know that there is always someone who is more knowledgeable and has a better understanding of things than one’s own self.
Story#4:Dhul Qarnain and Yajuj Majuj:
The fourth story that Allah Almighty mentions in Quran in this particular Surah is the story of great king Dhul-Qarnayn who travelled all across the world to help the people who were in need and spread good wherever he went. He was the one who provided relief to people from the menace of Yajuj Majuj
Lesson – The lesson to be learnt from this story is that power is also a gift from Allah and to those whom He gives power; He tests them by doing so. Therefore, those who have power over and compared to others should use this power to do good and make the lives of other easier and fight evil as well.
Surah Kahaf is one of the renowned Surahs of Quran. Besides the special rewards and benefits that come from its recitation, an understanding of its content can also help a Muslim extract valuable lessons that can help in shaping one’s life towards the path of righteousness.
In Quran it is said about Gog Magog (Yajuj and Majuj)
“He said: “This (wall) is a mercy from my Lord: but when the warning of my Lord comes to pass, He will reduce it to dust (and Gog and Magog would thus be released into the world); and the promise of my Lord is true.” (18:98)
From this ayah the figurative interpretation about Gog and Magog can be made that they are a group, who near the time of end of days will successfully penetrate into each and every part of the world.
The other mention of Gog and Magog in Quran is:
“But there is a ban on a town which We have destroyed: that they (the people of the town) shall not return (to reclaim that town as their own); until Gog and Magog are let through (their barrier), and they swiftly spread out in every direction (replicating themselves amongst all the peoples of the world).” (21:95-96)
From these verses, three major points can be extracted related to Gog and Magog;
- They will rule the whole world
- They will inflict injustice and suffering on the ones who are righteous
- They will be very eager to reclaim the Lost Land.